Section 227, 228 and 229 of the 1999 Constitution: Law Against Use of Force by Political Parties and Laws Created by the National Assembly to Regulate Political Party Activities


The 1999 Constitution

Section 227

No association shall retain, organise, train or equip any person or group of persons for the purpose of
enabling them to be employed for the use or display of physical force or coercion in promoting any political objective or interest or in such manner as to arouse reasonable apprehension that they are organised and trained or equipped for that purpose.

(Nobody or group has the power to gather people, train them and give them weapons for them to use force for any political purposes)

Section 228

The National Assembly may by law provide –

(The National Assembly has the power to make laws that provide for the following; )

Section 228 (a)

for the punishment of any person involved in the management or control of any political party found after due inquiry to have contravened any of the provisions of sections 221, 225(3) and 227 of this Constitution;

(Punishing person(s) who, after investigations have been concluded, is involved in the management or control of any political party is found guilty of disobeying sections 221, 225(3) and 227 of this Constitution)

Section 228 (b)

for the disqualification of any persons from holding public office on the ground that he knowingly aids or
abets a political party in contravening section 225(3) of this Constitution;

(Banning anyone from holding any public office if he helps or assists any political party in disobeying section 225(3) of this Constitution.)

Section 228 (c)

for an annual grant to the Independent National Electoral Commission for disbursement to political parties on a fair and equitable basis to assist them in the discharge of their functions; and

(for annual donation of money to INEC to share to Political Parties in an equal and impartial way to help them carry out their duties.)

Section 228 (d)

for the conferment on the Commission of other powers as may appear to the National Assembly to be
necessary or desirable for the purpose of enabling the Commission more effectively to ensure that political parties observe the provisions of this part of this chapter.

(To give INEC, other powers that the House of Senate and House of Representatives feel that would enable INEC ensure all parties obey this part of the Constitution concerning political parties.)

Section 229

In this Part of this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires –

(This section of the Constitution defines what “Association” and “Political Party” mean; )

“association” means any body of persons corporate or unincorporate who agree to act together for any
commission purpose, and includes an association formed for any ethnic, social, cultural, occupational religious purpose; and

(Association for the purpose of this sections means any group of persons acting together formed by either tribe, culture, social gathering, religion, occupational; )

“political party” includes any association whose activities include canvassing for votes in support of a candidate for election to the office of President, Vice-President, Governor, Deputy Governor or membership of a legislative house or of a local government council.

(Political parties for the purpose of this section means any group that produces and supports a candidate for any public office i.e. President, Vice-President, Governor, Deputy Governor, Senator, House of reps and House of Assembly.)

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